"The Kingdom Havelock"

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It is believed that Marco Polo was among the first from the West to set foot on one of the islands. Kanhoji Angre, a Maratha admiral had his base on the island in the early 18th century. From there, he attacked passing Portuguese, Dutch and English merchant vessels on their way to or from their various Asian colonies. In 1713, his navy even succeeded in capturing the yacht of the British Governor of Bombay. Despite many efforts by the British and later a joint military force of British and Portuguese naval forces, Kanhoji Angre was never defeated. He died in 1729. It is also believe that the Andaman island were known as “Handuman” from the Vedic Period and ware inhabited by the Aborgines of Great Andamanies who were known cannibals to the early travelers. IBased on the studies of tribal and fauna it is logical to presume a former land connection from Cape Negris at south part of Burma to Achin Head (Cape Pedro) in Sumatra.

Early History-Kala Pani:

The early history of these islands i.e. the history of Kala Pani is known since March 1789 when Lt.Archibald Blair (Later Captain) of Indian Navy was assigned the task to survey these island by East India Company. He later established a colony in Mark Island (Chatam Island) and Ross Island. It was then this island that is Port Blair was named as Port Cornwallis. However in 1796 due to unhealthy climate and high mortality rate this colony was shifted from the Port Cornvallis i.e Port Blair. The British finally annexed the islands in the 19th century adding them to their empire. They turned it into a penal colony for Indian freedom fighters. The construction of the infamous Cellular Jail was completed in 1908. Hundreds of anti-British Indians were tortured to death or simply executed here. With the Second World War, Japanese troops occupied the islands and the local tribes initiated guerrilla activities to drive them out. When India achieved independence in 1947, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands were incorporated into the Indian Union.

Present Age-Golden Water:

The present age history or the history of the Golden Water is entirely contradictory to its early history. Glittering jewels, casually scattered on velvety carpet of the Bay of Bengal, the group of 550 odd islands, a paradise created by eternity in perfect harmony with the nature forms the ‘Pristine’ Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Tropical lush green thick forests with many species of herbs full of flora, fauna and exotic birds constitute these unadulterated Emerald Islands. Besides presence in the lap of Mother Nature, these Islands have pivotal role in the struggle of Indian Independence. Historical monuments of three different cultures i.e. Indian, British and Japanese are the animated reminiscence of World War II. With a perfect blend of Nature, Legends and history the Bay of Bengal elevates to it’s peak in these Islands.

Location Bay of Bengal
Base Yomah Mountain Range
Position 92° to 94° East Longitude, 6° to 14° North Latitude
Distance 1255 Kms from Kolkata, 1190 Kms from Chennai 1200 Kms from Visakhapatnam.
Area Andaman District: 6408 Sq. Kms. Nicobar District : 1841 Sq. Kms.
Spread Total Length – 726 Kms. Average width – 24 Kms.
Total Islands 572 Nos. (Big, Small & Rocks)
Total Population Four Lakhs
Altitude 0 To 732 Mtr
Highest Peak Saddle Peak (North Andaman) -732 Mtrs. Mount Thullier (Great Nicobar) – 642 Mtrs. Mount Harriet (South Andaman) – 365 Mtrs
Forest Density 86%
Climate Tropical Through out the year. Temperature varies between 23 0C to 310C
Rain Fall 3180 mm
Capital Port Blair
Literacy 65.38%
Density 43 persons per sq kilometer
Biggest Island (Inhabited) Middle Andaman – 1536 Sq Kmts.
Smallest Island (Inhabited) Ross Island – 0.8 Sq Kmts.